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AMORLINC

In this comprehensive article, we will explore the AMORLINC function in Excel, which is used to calculate the depreciation of an asset using the declining balance method. This function is particularly useful for financial analysts and accountants who need to determine the depreciation of assets over time. We will cover the syntax of the function, provide examples, share tips and tricks, discuss common mistakes, troubleshoot issues, and explore related formulae.

AMORLINC Syntax

The AMORLINC function has the following syntax:

=AMORLINC(cost, date_purchased, first_period, salvage, period, rate, [basis])

Here is a description of each argument:

  1. cost: The initial cost of the asset.
  2. date_purchased: The date the asset was purchased.
  3. first_period: The end date of the first period.
  4. salvage: The value of the asset at the end of its useful life.
  5. period: The period for which you want to calculate the depreciation.
  6. rate: The rate of depreciation.
  7. [basis]: (Optional) The day count basis to use. If omitted, it defaults to 0, which represents the US (NASD) 30/360 day count basis. Other options include 1 for actual/actual, 2 for actual/360, and 3 for actual/365.

AMORLINC Examples

Let’s look at some examples of using the AMORLINC function in Excel:

  1. Example 1: Suppose you have an asset with an initial cost of $10,000, purchased on January 1, 2020. The first period ends on December 31, 2020, and the asset has a salvage value of $1,000 after 5 years. You want to calculate the depreciation for the first year (period 1) with a depreciation rate of 20%. The formula would be:
  2. =AMORLINC(10000, “1/1/2020”, “12/31/2020”, 1000, 1, 20%)

  3. Example 2: Using the same asset information as in Example 1, you want to calculate the depreciation for the third year (period 3) with a depreciation rate of 20%. The formula would be:
  4. =AMORLINC(10000, “1/1/2020”, “12/31/2020”, 1000, 3, 20%)

  5. Example 3: Using the same asset information as in Example 1, you want to calculate the depreciation for the first year (period 1) with a depreciation rate of 20% and an actual/actual day count basis. The formula would be:
  6. =AMORLINC(10000, “1/1/2020”, “12/31/2020”, 1000, 1, 20%, 1)

AMORLINC Tips & Tricks

Here are some tips and tricks to help you effectively use the AMORLINC function in Excel:

  1. Ensure that the date_purchased and first_period arguments are entered as valid dates in Excel. You can use the DATE function to create a valid date if needed.
  2. When entering the rate argument, remember to input it as a percentage (e.g., 20% instead of 0.2).
  3. Use the optional [basis] argument to specify the day count basis if your calculation requires a different basis than the default US (NASD) 30/360.
  4. If you need to calculate depreciation for multiple assets or periods, consider using a table to organize your data and reference the table cells in your AMORLINC formula.

Common Mistakes When Using AMORLINC

Here are some common mistakes users make when using the AMORLINC function:

  1. Entering the rate argument as a decimal instead of a percentage. Make sure to input the rate as a percentage (e.g., 20% instead of 0.2).
  2. Using an invalid date format for the date_purchased and first_period arguments. Ensure that these arguments are entered as valid dates in Excel.
  3. Forgetting to specify the [basis] argument when a different day count basis is required for the calculation.

Why Isn’t My AMORLINC Working?

If your AMORLINC function is not working, consider the following troubleshooting steps:

  1. Check for any errors in the formula syntax, such as missing or extra parentheses, commas, or quotation marks.
  2. Ensure that the date_purchased and first_period arguments are entered as valid dates in Excel.
  3. Verify that the rate argument is entered as a percentage (e.g., 20% instead of 0.2).
  4. Make sure the [basis] argument is entered correctly if you are using a different day count basis than the default US (NASD) 30/360.

AMORLINC: Related Formulae

Here are some related formulae that you may find useful when working with the AMORLINC function:

  1. AMORDEGRC: This function calculates the depreciation of an asset using the declining balance method, but with a depreciation rate that decreases over time.
  2. SLN: This function calculates the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period.
  3. SYD: This function calculates the sum-of-years’ digits depreciation of an asset for one period.
  4. DB: This function calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the fixed-declining balance method.
  5. DDB: This function calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period using the double-declining balance method or another specified method.

In conclusion, the AMORLINC function is a powerful tool for calculating the depreciation of an asset using the declining balance method. By understanding its syntax, using it effectively in various examples, and being aware of common mistakes and related formulae, you can efficiently determine the depreciation of assets in your financial analysis and accounting tasks.

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