# MDETERM

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the MDETERM function in Microsoft Excel. The MDETERM function is a powerful tool that allows users to calculate the matrix determinant of a given square matrix. The determinant is a scalar value that can be computed from the elements of a square matrix and is used in various mathematical operations, such as finding the inverse of a matrix or solving systems of linear equations. By the end of this article, you will have a thorough understanding of the MDETERM function, its syntax, examples, tips and tricks, common mistakes, and related formulae.

## MDETERM Syntax

The MDETERM function in Excel has a simple syntax, which is as follows:

=MDETERM(array)

Where array is a required argument representing the square matrix for which you want to calculate the determinant. The array must be a square matrix, meaning it must have an equal number of rows and columns. The array can be entered as a range of cells, a named range, or an array constant.

## MDETERM Examples

Let’s dive into some examples to better understand how the MDETERM function works in Excel.

Example 1: Basic usage of MDETERM

Suppose you have a 3×3 matrix with the following values:

A1: 4, B1: 3, C1: 2

A2: 1, B2: 5, C2: 6

A3: 7, B3: 8, C3: 9

To calculate the determinant of this matrix, you can use the MDETERM function as follows:

=MDETERM(A1:C3)

This formula will return the determinant of the given matrix, which is -3 in this case.

Example 2: Using MDETERM with a named range

If you have a named range called “Matrix” that refers to the range A1:C3, you can use the MDETERM function with the named range as follows:

=MDETERM(Matrix)

This formula will also return the determinant of the given matrix, which is -3 in this case.

## MDETERM Tips & Tricks

Here are some tips and tricks to help you get the most out of the MDETERM function in Excel:

1. Remember that the MDETERM function requires a square matrix as input. If you provide a non-square matrix, Excel will return a #VALUE! error.
2. When working with large matrices, consider using named ranges to make your formulas easier to read and manage.
3. If you need to calculate the determinant of a matrix that is not stored in a contiguous range of cells, you can use the CHOOSE function to create an array constant for the MDETERM function. For example, if your matrix is stored in cells A1:A3, B5:B7, and C9:C11, you can use the following formula:
4. =MDETERM(CHOOSE({1,2,3}, A1:A3, B5:B7, C9:C11))

## Common Mistakes When Using MDETERM

Here are some common mistakes users make when using the MDETERM function:

1. Using a non-square matrix as input: As mentioned earlier, the MDETERM function requires a square matrix as input. If you provide a non-square matrix, Excel will return a #VALUE! error.
2. Not using an array constant or range of cells as input: The MDETERM function requires an array constant or range of cells as input. If you provide a single value or a non-array formula, Excel will return a #VALUE! error.

## Why Isn’t My MDETERM Working?

If your MDETERM function is not working as expected, consider the following troubleshooting steps:

1. Check if the input matrix is a square matrix. If not, adjust the input range to ensure it is a square matrix.
2. Ensure that the input is an array constant or a range of cells. If not, adjust the input accordingly.
3. Check for any errors in the input matrix, such as text values or errors. The MDETERM function can only work with numeric values.

## MDETERM: Related Formulae

Here are some related formulae that you might find useful when working with the MDETERM function:

1. MINVERSE: The MINVERSE function calculates the inverse of a square matrix. The syntax for the MINVERSE function is =MINVERSE(array).
2. MMULT: The MMULT function performs matrix multiplication on two matrices. The syntax for the MMULT function is =MMULT(array1, array2).
3. TRANSPOSE: The TRANSPOSE function returns the transpose of a matrix. The syntax for the TRANSPOSE function is =TRANSPOSE(array).
4. SUMPRODUCT: The SUMPRODUCT function calculates the sum of the products of corresponding entries in two or more arrays. The syntax for the SUMPRODUCT function is =SUMPRODUCT(array1, array2, …).
5. LINEST: The LINEST function calculates the statistics for a linear regression analysis. The syntax for the LINEST function is =LINEST(known_y’s, known_x’s, const, stats).

In conclusion, the MDETERM function in Excel is a powerful tool for calculating the determinant of a square matrix. By understanding its syntax, examples, tips and tricks, common mistakes, and related formulae, you can effectively use the MDETERM function in your Excel calculations and analyses.

## Related

### What may Trigger Tax Audits? Sharing on Recent Tax Audit Cases

Chinese tax authorities recently strengthened the tax collection efforts, in the face of diminishing fiscal revenues caused by stagnation of the economy. And they also

Read More »

### Hard to find or retain a good accountant? Try cloud accounting solution

Foreign business owners or management team always take financial transparency as a pre-condition for good decision making and sustainable profitability. However, achieving the visualization of

Read More »
Did you find this article useful?

## About Aepoch Advisors

We are a boutique accounting and consulting firm servicing international businesses operating in China. We offers book keeping and business advisory service. We also help our clients select and implement SAAS business applications

Cloud technology significantly reduces cost foreign companies traditionally spent on tax compliance and ERP systems. Our cloud professionals can help with streamlining your management and controling structure, as well as advising you on how to reduce risks and maximize profits with software purposely built for Chinese business. Contact us today to learn more about our services.