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# PERCENTRANK.INC

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the PERCENTRANK.INC function in Excel, which is used to calculate the relative standing of a specific value within a dataset. This function is particularly useful when you want to determine the percentile rank of a value, allowing you to compare it with other values in the dataset. We will cover the syntax, examples, tips and tricks, common mistakes, troubleshooting, and related formulae for the PERCENTRANK.INC function.

## PERCENTRANK.INC Syntax

The syntax for the PERCENTRANK.INC function in Excel is as follows:

PERCENTRANK.INC(array, x, [significance])

Where:

• array – This is the range of data that you want to analyze. It must be a contiguous range of cells containing numeric values.
• x – This is the value for which you want to find the percentile rank within the dataset.
• [significance] (optional) – This is the number of significant digits to which you want to round the result. If omitted, the function will use three significant digits by default.

## PERCENTRANK.INC Examples

Let’s look at some examples of how to use the PERCENTRANK.INC function in Excel.

Example 1: Suppose you have a dataset of test scores in cells A1:A10, and you want to find the percentile rank of a specific score, 85, within this dataset. You can use the following formula:

=PERCENTRANK.INC(A1:A10, 85)

This formula will return the percentile rank of the score 85 within the dataset in cells A1:A10.

Example 2: If you want to find the percentile rank of a value in cell B1 within the dataset in cells A1:A10, and round the result to two significant digits, you can use the following formula:

=PERCENTRANK.INC(A1:A10, B1, 2)

This formula will return the percentile rank of the value in cell B1 within the dataset in cells A1:A10, rounded to two significant digits.

## PERCENTRANK.INC Tips & Tricks

• Remember that the PERCENTRANK.INC function returns the percentile rank as a decimal value between 0 and 1. To display the result as a percentage, you can format the cell containing the formula as a percentage or multiply the result by 100.
• If you want to find the value corresponding to a specific percentile rank within a dataset, you can use the PERCENTILE.INC function.
• Keep in mind that the PERCENTRANK.INC function includes both the lowest and highest values in the dataset when calculating the percentile rank. If you want to exclude these values, you can use the PERCENTRANK.EXC function instead.

## Common Mistakes When Using PERCENTRANK.INC

• Using non-numeric values in the array argument can result in errors. Make sure that your dataset contains only numeric values.
• Using a non-contiguous range of cells for the array argument can lead to incorrect results. Ensure that your dataset is in a contiguous range of cells.
• Forgetting to specify the significance argument when you need a specific number of significant digits can lead to results with the default three significant digits, which may not be suitable for your analysis.

## Why Isn’t My PERCENTRANK.INC Working?

If you encounter issues when using the PERCENTRANK.INC function, consider the following troubleshooting steps:

• Check for any non-numeric values in your dataset. The PERCENTRANK.INC function requires numeric values in the array argument.
• Ensure that your dataset is in a contiguous range of cells. Non-contiguous ranges can lead to incorrect results.
• Verify that the x argument is a numeric value. Non-numeric values can result in errors.
• Make sure that the significance argument, if specified, is a positive integer. Negative or non-integer values can result in errors.

## PERCENTRANK.INC: Related Formulae

Here are some related formulae that you might find useful when working with the PERCENTRANK.INC function:

• PERCENTRANK.EXC: This function calculates the percentile rank of a value within a dataset, excluding the lowest and highest values. Use this function if you want to exclude the extreme values in your dataset.
• PERCENTILE.INC: This function returns the value corresponding to a specific percentile rank within a dataset. It is the inverse of the PERCENTRANK.INC function.
• PERCENTILE.EXC: This function returns the value corresponding to a specific percentile rank within a dataset, excluding the lowest and highest values. Use this function if you want to exclude the extreme values in your dataset.
• RANK: This function returns the rank of a value within a dataset. Use this function if you want to find the rank of a value rather than its percentile rank.
• QUARTILE.INC: This function returns the quartile of a value within a dataset. Use this function if you want to divide your dataset into four equal parts and find the quartile of a specific value.

By understanding the PERCENTRANK.INC function and its related formulae, you can effectively analyze and compare values within a dataset, allowing you to make more informed decisions based on your data.

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