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MROUND

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore everything you need to know about the MROUND formula in Excel. MROUND is a powerful function that allows you to round a number to the nearest multiple of a specified value. This can be incredibly useful in various scenarios, such as rounding prices to the nearest dollar or rounding time to the nearest quarter-hour. By the end of this article, you will have a deep understanding of the MROUND formula, its syntax, examples, tips and tricks, common mistakes, and related formulae.

MROUND Syntax

The MROUND function has a simple syntax that consists of two arguments:

=MROUND(number, multiple)

  • number: This is the value you want to round. It can be a number, a cell reference, or a formula that returns a numeric value.
  • multiple: This is the value to which you want to round the number. It can also be a number, a cell reference, or a formula that returns a numeric value.

The MROUND function will round the given number to the nearest multiple of the specified value. If the number is exactly halfway between two multiples, the function will round up to the nearest even multiple.

MROUND Examples

Let’s dive into some examples to see the MROUND function in action:

  1. Basic MROUND usage: If you want to round the number 123 to the nearest multiple of 10, you can use the following formula: =MROUND(123, 10). This will return the result 120, as it is the nearest multiple of 10.
  2. Rounding to the nearest dollar: If you have a price of $12.37 and you want to round it to the nearest dollar, you can use the formula: =MROUND(12.37, 1). This will return the result 12, as it is the nearest whole dollar.
  3. Rounding time to the nearest quarter-hour: If you have a time value of 1 hour and 47 minutes, and you want to round it to the nearest quarter-hour, you can use the formula: =MROUND(1.783333, 1/4). This will return the result 1.75, which represents 1 hour and 45 minutes, the nearest quarter-hour.

MROUND Tips & Tricks

Here are some tips and tricks to help you get the most out of the MROUND function:

  • Remember that MROUND will round up to the nearest even multiple if the number is exactly halfway between two multiples. This is known as “rounding half to even” or “bankers’ rounding.”
  • If you want to round a number down to the nearest multiple, you can use the FLOOR function instead. For example, =FLOOR(123, 10) will return 120.
  • If you want to round a number up to the nearest multiple, you can use the CEILING function. For example, =CEILING(123, 10) will return 130.
  • Keep in mind that the MROUND function is part of the Analysis ToolPak add-in. If you don’t have this add-in installed, you may need to enable it in Excel’s options.

Common Mistakes When Using MROUND

Here are some common mistakes to avoid when using the MROUND function:

  • Using non-numeric values for the number or multiple arguments. MROUND requires numeric values for both arguments, so make sure you’re using numbers, cell references, or formulas that return numeric values.
  • Forgetting to enable the Analysis ToolPak add-in. If you receive a #NAME? error when using the MROUND function, it’s likely because the Analysis ToolPak add-in is not enabled. You can enable it in Excel’s options.

Why Isn’t My MROUND Working?

If you’re having trouble with the MROUND function, consider the following troubleshooting tips:

  • Double-check your formula syntax. Make sure you’re using the correct number of arguments and that they are numeric values.
  • Ensure that the Analysis ToolPak add-in is enabled. If it’s not, you may receive a #NAME? error when using the MROUND function.
  • If you’re still having issues, consider using alternative functions like FLOOR or CEILING, depending on your rounding needs.

MROUND: Related Formulae

Here are some related formulae that you may find useful when working with the MROUND function:

  1. ROUND: The ROUND function allows you to round a number to a specified number of decimal places. For example, =ROUND(12.37, 0) will return 12.
  2. FLOOR: The FLOOR function rounds a number down to the nearest multiple of a specified value. For example, =FLOOR(123, 10) will return 120.
  3. CEILING: The CEILING function rounds a number up to the nearest multiple of a specified value. For example, =CEILING(123, 10) will return 130.
  4. TRUNC: The TRUNC function truncates a number to a specified number of decimal places, effectively rounding down. For example, =TRUNC(12.37, 0) will return 12.
  5. INT: The INT function rounds a number down to the nearest integer. For example, =INT(12.37) will return 12.

By now, you should have a thorough understanding of the MROUND function in Excel, its syntax, examples, tips and tricks, common mistakes, and related formulae. With this knowledge, you’ll be well-equipped to round numbers to the nearest multiple of a specified value in your Excel projects.

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